How is proteinuria tested?
A simple urine test can be done in your doctor’s office to detect protein in your urine.
Does proteinuria mean I have kidney disease?
- It may be an early sign of kidney disease, but your doctor will check you again to make sure proteinuria was not caused by something else like not drinking enough water.
- If your doctor suspects that you have kidney disease, other tests will be done including:
- checking your blood pressure
- checking your kidney function by a simple blood test to estimate your glomerular filtration rate (GFR).
- An ultrasound exam of the kidneys.
How often do I need to have a test for proteinuria?
People who are at increased risk for developing kidney disease should have this test as part of routine checkups by the doctor. Those at increased risk include:
- People with diabetes
- People with high blood pressure
- People with a family history of kidney failure
- People who are older
- Certain ethnic groups including African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans and American Indians.
If I have proteinuria, will I need treatment?
- If proteinuria is confirmed, your doctor will do other tests and examinations to pinpoint the cause.
- Your doctor may send you to a special kidney doctor who will help to develop your treatment plan.
- Your treatment may include:
- Changes in your diet
- Lifestyle changes such as losing excess weight, exercising and stopping smoking.
What are the symptoms of kidney disease?
- Shortness of breath
- Needing to urinate more often
- Trouble sleeping
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dry, itchy skin.
Source: National Kidney Foundation
This material does not constitute medical advice. It is intended for informational purposes only.